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Kimono Index [K]

Kimono dictionary


Kagaku Aobana

Scientifically made blue flower liquid, mix starch in iodine solution and make it.


A type of crest on the clothes. Kaga Yuzen A strike that is said to be a crest from a dye.

Kaga Yuzen

It is Yuzen produced in the Kanazawa district, and features such as unique coloring and insect biting. In general, it refers to hand-painted Yuzen dye. While Kyo Yuzen used lake dye (lake of dye) from early onwards, as a result of using pigment until around the time of Taisho, coloring and insect biting such as Enji, indigo, yellow, green It gave birth to a unique


Flowers represent patterns, honey is fur, felt which compresses hair. A nonwoven fabric of patterned hair. Originated in the western Orient of China, Japan has passed through China, was transmitted in the Nara era, left in Shosoin.


To adjust for the kimonos for the child, sewing up the front body around the shoulder mountain.


Three to four Japanese washi, pasted paper alternately with persimmon and persimmon, dried, cut out the pattern part with a sculpture sword, photographing the pattern. For hand textile printing, gold color processing, etc.


One of the dyeing methods. When dyeing the pattern, dye it with paper pattern etc. A word for hand drawing. You can dye the same pattern repeatedly. Representative ones are Komon, Medium, Sarasa, Benitaga, and Yuzen. In addition, in recent years, screen printing / roller printing etc are carried out.


It is a kind of clothing and is a generic term for single without backing. From the end of the Edo era, silk and cotton without backing is said to be singular, and Katabira refers to a single piece of linen.


A type of pigment used for brown. Ink which consolidated oil smoke with Nikawa(glue). It is mainly used for thin line drawing technique.


It is a unit of length, also called simply ‘Shaku’. One scale is about 30 cm. Metal orthogonally bent rulers have a scale of 1 shaku 5 shaku (about 45.5 cm) in the long side and 7 squares 5 min (about 22.7 cm) in the short side.


It is a generic term for aya · decorative fabrics that were introduced from ancient times in China. Because it weaves with a variety of sewing threads, it has a sense of heaviness and luxury.


One of steaming methods. Since it applies steam with low humidity, humidity to the dough is reduced. It is used for the steaming process of hand painted zen and plain objects with little glue content.

Karieba jitate

It is also called a Kamieba, including a Simoeba. Temporarily tailor the fabric with winged patterns on the picture feather street. It is more convenient when tailoring to tailor it so that the overlay of the upper picture feathers is sewed wider and the patterns are arranged side by side.

Gansai Shiage

A technique to make Yuzen dye more effective, a method to draw delicate parts such as the face of a person in a pattern, vegetation, flower branch petal, and so on, after drawing the pattern.


Meaning of stripes. Foreign-made striped fabrics that came over long ago.


Important coloring alongside dye. A pigment that is not soluble in water or oil. There are organic pigments and inorganic mineral pigments such as rock paints. All white color is included in pigment.



Fabric to tailor it to long clothing wear. The standard length is about 11.4 meters and the width is about 36 centimeters. There is a first-come-first-measure which can be dyed after weaving out into a white cloth, and a weaving crawler which weaves out a pattern using dyed thread. First grab scale = Yuzen, Komon, Sarasa, Benigata, type etc. Woven cloth = Omeshi, Tsumugi, Meisen etc.


When we tailor the kimono, when we weave one part without breaking the sewn part, we fold slightly behind the seam. It means a small part between this seam and the fold. When wearing, it reduces the force received by the tension, and it has the effect of clothing fabric.


The term used for long clothing of kimono, refers to the actual length at the time of wearing against the length (tailoring size). Length is estimated to be normal height. Length dimension measures from shoulder mountain to hem.

Gyaku gumo

Shape showing the gap between cloud and cloud. Also called the back cloud.

Kyo Yuzen

Generic name of Yuzen Dyer produced in Kyoto. Words used to distinguish from Yuzen produced in Kanazawa and other provinces.


Stitching, Yosegire(rupture) also. It is also a technique to join two or more types of Gilet(cracks) of different colors and patterns into one garment. Apply to kimonos, bands, haori and the like.


A technique to cut a fissure into a single cleavage and construct a pattern. Kimonos, haori, bands and so on.


It is one of the handle stitches, collecting irregular shapes and making certain sections (patchwork style). Furthermore, different petit patterns are arranged in the section, and colors are changed and expressed.


It is glue powder with NICKAWA(glue) liquid, and draws a pattern and uses it similarly to the facial color finish.

Kintoshi Chirimen

Those using gold thread for weft as the whole fabric.


The name of the fabric. It refers to what weave yarn into woven cloth (three pieces Aya fabric), but in general, we refer to woven fabric in which gold thread is woven in total. Many arrived in the Muromachi and Momoyama periods, prized by samurai and tea men as a famous crack. In Japan, it came to be produced in Tensho year (1573 ~ 92). Nou costume, used for girls.


Kusaki zome

Dyeing natural plant pigment as dye. Also dyed.

Kusari nui

One of embroidery techniques. How to embroide a chain in a chain. Use it when you want to clearly express lines and contours thick and give a feeling of fluidity.

Kujira shaku

The scale used for the Japanese sawing. Originally it is said that this name is because a whale beard made a ruler. Flaw scale 1 scale = scale measure 1 scale 2 size 5 minutes (about 38 cm) is criteria. It is also called a small shaku, a whale gauge is called a large shaku· Gofuku shaku.

Kubinuki Moyou

One of the ways of patterning kimonos. By attaching a pattern from the neck to the shoulder, it is seen in the sleeve of the early Edo period. Even now, it is used for yukata etc for all the festivals.


Opening the collar shoulders behind the shoulder line. As a collar, make it easier to wear, open for femininity, so there is no need for children and men.



One of embroidery techniques. How to embroider small points like mustard. Repeat the thread of the fabric background one by one to express a point. Embroidered inside the stitch patterns and patterns, it is used for expressing blurring like the outlines and haze, flower core etc.


Durability and durability of dyeing fabrics against sunlight, washing, rinsing, sweat, friction, etc. are expressed. Kenrou = hard and durable.



It means a small handle. In dyes, it may be used as well as a small print.


Sew up kimono for children at the waist and adjust the length. Like a Kataage(sholder) can be adjusted according to the growth of children. It also has a role to add cuteness.


It is a formal dress for the samurai women of modern times, what wear when it is high in summer. Many of them are tailored to Kosode. It got this name as it seems that Kimono was wrapped around their waist.


Small stuff of cuffs against a wide cuff’s wider (wide sleeve) It is a kimono that became a small sleeve. After Momoyama era , as a living clothes, it changed to colored. Present long dressed form.

Kodai Gosyoku ( ancient 5 color)

It is the color used for the coloring of the kimono, which is not unified in particular, but it often refers to Shu(light red),Rikyu(deep green), navy blue, purple ,yellow. Also, it is not the primary color, it often refers to a slightly astringent color.


A technique to express the whole or a part of the pattern with the change of thick bold thread. It is also called line lift.


Purified white pigment with raw material crushed shell like shellfish. In dyeing, white color often uses chalk.