en 81-3-6667-4775 welcome[at]wafuku.me

Login

Sign Up

After creating an account, you'll be able to track your payment status, track the confirmation and you can also rate the tour after you finished the tour.
Username*
Password*
Confirm Password*
First Name*
Last Name*
Email*
Phone*
Country*
* Creating an account means you're okay with our Terms of Service and Privacy Statement.

Already a member?

Login
0
Items : 0
Subtotal : ¥0
View CartCheck Out
81-3-6667-4775 welcome[at]wafuku.me
en

Login

Sign Up

After creating an account, you'll be able to track your payment status, track the confirmation and you can also rate the tour after you finished the tour.
Username*
Password*
Confirm Password*
First Name*
Last Name*
Email*
Phone*
Country*
* Creating an account means you're okay with our Terms of Service and Privacy Statement.

Already a member?

Login
0
Items : 0
Subtotal : ¥0
View CartCheck Out

History of Kimono

Kimono dictionary

Jomon era (15000 ~ 2300 years ago, the 131 th century BC)

Regarding physical decoration in the Jomon period, there are examples of excavations such as jewelry made of stone and shellfish, but in the case of clothing, the actual state is unknown because it is difficult for organic matter such as plant fiber to remain as archaeological remains.
However, there are examples of excavations such as knitted fabric fragments and stringed bags, there was technology to spin yarn from vegetable fiber such as crunchy (hemp) and asa (hemp) and to make fabric from the resultant thread .
It is speculated that clothing was made from this knitted fabric and worn.

Yayoi era (from the 10th century BC to the mid 3rd century AD)

In the Yayoi era, when Himiko who ruled over Yamataikoku, famous for history, was there,
According to the Chinese history book “Gishi Wajin Den”, girls say they are ‘Kantoi’ and see a look at clothes to wear through the head, drill a hole in the middle of a large cloth, Peru I was wearing something similar to a poncho to be.
Boys weres a rough clothing which is tied in front with a piece of cloth hanging from the shoulder and wrapping another piece in the waist and like a sare worn in India etc It seems that it was clothing that had a form.
Also, a high-ranking person such as Himiko was wearing silk clothes.
In the Yayoi period, dyeing using vegetable dyes taken from primitive weavers, purple grass and indigo such as lanso weave was also performed It seems.

●Form of clothes
・ Northern garment ・ ・ ・ ・ One piece called clothing which is called partial formula
・ Southern clothes ・ ・ ・ ・ two-part type, upper and lower clothes

Kofun era (250 ~ 600's)

The exchange with the continent became popular by the Yamato Imperial Court and there seems to be influence of other countries such as China.
Girls wearing costume (kimono) similar to Korea’s chimachogori with things like skirts on the covered garment of “tube sleeve” which seems to imitate China, boys also hitting the sleeve It is said that she was wearing clothes (Kimokama) tying a knee around the knee by saying a pair of trousers to the fitted upper garment.
In this era, both boys and girls seemed to be “left front” as opposed to the present, these things can be learned from Haniwa.
It seems that sericulture also became popular in this era.

Haniwa excavated from the burial mounds of the ancient times of the Kofun period is valuable material to know the clothing at the time. Both men and women in this period’s clothing are two-part upper and lower part, and male is tied with a garment-like pants-like hakama with underliners with strings. Women are coat and mourning (long skirt with a long hem). Collar has many cold collar formats, both male and female left front board territory. These clothes are presumed to belong to aristocracy.

According to “Nihon Shoki”, in 603, Prince Shotoku established the crown position 12th floor to evaluate a superior person and decided the color of the crown by the rank of the official. The upper classes above this imitate continental clothing according to the Sui’s clothing order.
Takamatsuzuka It is speculated that the band of clothing painted on the murals of an ancient tomb is not a leather but a woven fabric.

Asuka era (592~710)

China ‘s things were adopted in various fields by the enforcer’ s envoy (Ken Zuishi) and envoys (Ken Toshi).
In the Asuka period, the crown of the twelfth floor was enacted by Prince Shotoku, the crown rank of the civil service officer was divided on the 12th floor, the crown and the color of the clothes were determined by the position, and in the Nara period, the formal dress (morning), morning clothes Sanko clothing was established, which classifies clothes into three according to the position of the school uniform.
In clothes, a coat shaped collar that is said to be in the form of a bamboo clothing as men’s clothing (morning clothes) as men’s clothes (kimono) hakama (girls), girls in clothing It seems that she was wearing something like.

According to “Nihon Shoki”, in 603, Prince Shotoku established the crown position 12th floor to evaluate a superior person and decided the color of the crown by the rank of the official. The upper classes above this imitate continental clothing according to the Sui’s clothing order.
Takamatsuzuka It is speculated that the band of clothing painted on the murals of an ancient tomb is not a leather but a woven fabric.

Nara era (710~784)

Clothes in the Nara period are under the influence of Tang Han clothing in Mainland China, the configuration that tightens the band in front is the basis and so on.
“Taiho Ritsuryo” which was enacted in Japan in 701 and “Yoro Rituryo” which was established again in 718 as “Taiho Ritsuryo” included clothing orders.

Clothing orders are apparel clothing , morning clothes (uniforms), uniforms (clothes to wear when doing things called public works) as clothing to wear in the court.
Clothes to wear when a government official who is not in a special position conducts public service of the court. The formalities and color of formal uniforms, morning uniforms, uniforms differ depending on their positions.

According to the “SHoku Nihon ki”, all people have a sentence meaning that the collar fitting method is to the right front (right).
It was imitated according to the fact that it was decided to wear in the right front in China which was used as a model at the time.

Heian era ( 794 ~1192)

In the Heian era the Kentoshi was abolished, and gradually changed to Japan’s own clothes.

For men, from the morning clothes to the bundle band, the girls are called Tang costume clothes (giggle boots) or western costumes (festival boarding shops) They were wearing it.
In both the bundle and the costume costume sleeves, not sewing under the cuffs are used, this is one of the shapes of sleeves used for current sports and long-sleeved. Especially the underwear worn under a women’s costume costume clothes was called white dressing.

Also during the Heian period, there are many kind of characteristic costumes due to the influence of the climate of Kyoto and the development of court culture.

※ For example, JUNIHITOE
In the name that comes from the attacking clothes.

Kamakura era (1185 -1333) , Muromachi era (1336 - 1573 )

For the center of clothes in Kamakura and Muromachi period, we used warriors (Samurai) and girls wear skirt.
In the days when the samurai ranking power increased and gained the power of politics, it eventually turned into practical dress according to the purpose such as war.

Simplifying the clothing of each costume one by one, the Hakama and the Mo were omitted and changed to clothes of only short sleeves, not underwear, and the prototype of the present kimono was finished in the end of Muromachi.

Azuchi Momoyama era (1568 - 1598 )

Momoyama culture which was known for gorgeous arts and crafts was born in the Momoyama period when the war was flat.

In this era, there are many precious workmanships such as embroidery leaves (foil grass), crushed foils (scrapes), and irises, and from the sleeve it can be seen that the dyeing and weaving technology has advanced dramatically. In this era “Tsuji flower dye” has been dyed.

Clothes are men’s mainstream shoulder clothes hakama (born in the previous era), girls are in Uchikake Sugata,Koshimako Sugata and common people for Nagoya Obi It seems that has become popular.

※Nagoya Obi
It refers to a band made up of Tang’s threads by the technique of Han Guo (Korean gang) who was transferred to Korea from the Korea to the role of Bunroku (1592) to the current Saga prefecture of Nagoaya Obi.
A rope-shaped belt with silk threads rounded, with a total (tufta) on both ends. It is said to be a rope belt. The length was one length two strand (about 450 cm), the tuft was eight tenths (about 30 cm), and it was wound several times on the waist and tied back and side to use it. Red seems to be preferred for both men and women, but it seems there was also a multicolor use which used white, yellow, blue, etc. It was popular until the early Edo period.

Edo era (1603 -1867 )

The Edo Shogunate was held by Ieyasu Tokugawa for a long period of about 300 years and it was a tough feudal society of isolation, but the gentleman class showed a power in the economic and social aspects, the grandmother culture prospered It is also an era.
It was further simplified, and a combination of shoulder clothes and hakama was used.
Kosode became popular as a culture of common people. Play like Kabuki became popular, and when the clothing of the actor was introduced with nishikie and ukiyoe, ordinary people’s attire became more gorgeous and gorgeous.
Also it seems that it began to be “taiko knotting” using bandding and flying.
On the contrary, the shogunate tried to regulate Confucian values from time to time by favors, but the enthusiasm for the ordinary people’s clothing can not be accommodated, and due to the influence of the tea ceremony, the appearance is modest, but in fact the money is hanging I began to like things.
Band knotting and braiding developed, and we began to tie the belt behind. As a result of the policy of isolation, silk was not imported from abroad, so most of the silk used in Japan became domestic. Women’s clothing made kimono for wedding costumes from a long female epidemic.

In 1864, the shogunate who raised a soldier of conquest of Changzhi on the grounds of a change in the forbidden city decided to make Western style at that time military uniform, Kaori Morita, a merchant of Kodenma Town, made a military uniform for 2000 I tried and underwent trial and error as well. Mass production of clothes in Japan is said to be the first as long as it remains in the record.

Meiji era (1868 - 1912)

It is an era when there was a big change due to the Meiji Restoration. The culture of other countries was transmitted by the opening of the country, the lifestyle, the style of clothing suddenly became westernized.
The courtesy of the court became clothes, and the Westernization of upstream society advanced and the clothing of Japanese-Western cuisine gradually began spreading to the general public gradually.

Police officers, railroad managers, faculty members and others went on to Westernize clothing sequentially. Men were obliged to wear military uniforms in the army, but military uniforms at this time are clothes. In addition, student clothes, which are clothes of collapsed collars made with military uniforms of the army as standards, were adopted as male student uniforms.

Taisho era (1912 -1926 )

In the Meiji / Taisho era, Hakama was prevalent among girls students. This has become established as a Japanese culture, even now, such as the entrance ceremony, graduation ceremony etc, the hakama is worn as preferred as part of the formal wear. Women were exclusively Japanese clothing except for a few, including teachers who were educators of girls and girls, but from the late Taisho era, cases of girls’ school uniforms adopting sailor uniforms, which are clothes instead of the previous hakama, will increase.

In the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, “women’s children clothing association in Tokyo” was established in the following 1924 as women who were wearing Japanese clothing which hampers the movement of the body were damaged, and also women’s clothes Westernization progresses.

Showa era (1926 - 1989) - Heisei (1989- )

Since the end of the World WarⅡ, women since 1945 stopped raids, so they began wearing Japanese clothes that they possess but could not wear.
However, because Japanese clothes are expensive and dressing is troublesome, it is not enemy for cheap and practical clothing epidemic, and the proportion of those who gradually wear kimono gradually decreases.

Among European and American cultural figures and musicians of the 1960s, Oriental thought and religion had been prevalent, some of them wearing kimonos (or clothes designed to resemble kimonos). Rock guitarist Jimi Hendrix and others are representative examples.

In general, the feeling that kimono is a special dress is getting stronger, it seems mostly used as a formal wear such as a ceremonial ceremony such as a wedding ceremony and a funeral, as a formal dress.

Traditional events throughout the four seasons including New Year’ s Day, Adult Ceremony, Shichi-go-san and many other traditional events, entrance ceremonies, graduation ceremonies, alumni associations, summer festivals, Tanabata, theater, shopping, tea, flowers, dancing, dressing It seems that they often wear kimonos.